sandra_rimskaya (sandra_rimskaya) wrote,

1880-1920 гг. The first electric cars

Все фотографии кликабельны.
. 1900
An electric car being charged.
Image: Library of Congress

Electricity is the thing. There are no whirring and grinding gears with their numerous levers to confuse, no dangerous and evil-smelling gasoline and no noise.

—Thomas Edison

c. 1895

Thomas Edison poses with his first electric car, the Edison Baker, and one of its batteries.

Image: General Photographic Agency/Getty Images

Electric cars are not a recent innovation. They have been around as long as vehicles powered by internal-combustion engines.

First produced in the 1880s, electric cars gained popularity in the following decades for their ease of operation, and for being less smelly and noisy than their gasoline-powered counterparts.

With top speeds of only about 20 miles per hour and a limited range, they were primarily used by affluent drivers to get around cities. They were marketed to women in particular, as a quiet, clean car without fumes or a hand crank. Some even came disguised with fake radiators to make them more palatable to the male market.


Men ride on an electric car designed by Siemens and Halske outside of Berlin, Germany.

Image: ullstein bild/Getty Images

c. 1899

A Columbia electric car.

Image: National Motor Museum/Heritage Images/Getty Images


Roger Wallace drives his electric car.

Image: National Motor Museum/Heritage Images/Getty Images


Camille Jenatzy drives his self-designed electric car near Paris, France. He was first person to exceed 100 kilometers per hour (62 miles per hour) in a car.

Image: Hulton Archive/Getty Images


Electric cars of the New York Edison Company line up in Manhattan.

Image: Bettmann/Corbis


An electric street sweeper cleans the roadway in Berlin, Germany.

Image: ullstein bild/Getty Images


Electric vehicles recharge at a power substation.

Image: Schenectady Museum; Hall of Electrical History Foundation/CORBIS

Sales of electric cars peaked in the early 1910s as more and more homes became wired for electricity. In the United States, 38% of cars were electric at this time.

However, the popularity of electric cars cratered as numerous developments — expanded road infrastructure, petroleum discoveries, the invention of the electric starter and the muffler — made gasoline-powered cars a more affordable and practical option.

c. 1910

An advertisement for an electric car.

Image: Corbis

Now it is possible for an owner of an electric to install his own charging plant in his stable.

New York Times, c. 1910

По всей Европе и Америке, где от красной армии казаков Эльстона отбились, народ вовсю на электрокар (ус)ах рассекает.

А у красной армии, как всегда, проблемы в захваченной казаками, России. До 1917 года татаро-монгольское иго крепостное право отменяют.

И все slave из Гражданской войны казаков с Генеральным Штабом в США, в захваченную красной армией Северян, Россию, переехали: Конфедерацию устраивать: "Как нам обустроить Германию в захваченной нами России"?



Tags: Технологии 19 века
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